Hematuria Treatment & Management

Updated: Jun 26, 2017
  • Author: Sanjeev Gulati, MD, MBBS, DNB(Peds), DM, DNB(Neph), FIPN(Australia), FICN, FRCPC(Canada); Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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Treatment

Medical Care

Asymptomatic (isolated) hematuria generally does not require treatment. In conditions associated with abnormal clinical, laboratory, or imaging studies, treatment may be necessary, as appropriate, with the primary diagnosis.

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Surgical Care

Surgical intervention may be necessary in certain anatomical abnormalities, such as ureteropelvic junction obstruction, tumor, or significant urolithiasis.

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Consultations

Consultations are required in patients with urinary tract anomalies and in some patients with systemic diseases (eg, bleeding disorders, collagen vascular diseases, sickle cell nephropathy).

Referral to a urologist is required when clinical evaluation and workup indicates a tumor, a structural urogenital abnormality, or an obstructing calculus.

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Diet

Dietary modification is usually not indicated except for children who may have a tendency to develop hypertension or edema as a result of their primary disease process (eg, nephritis). In these patients, a low sodium diet may be helpful. In addition, a diet containing the recommended daily amount (RDA) for calcium plus a low-salt diet may be beneficial in children with hypercalciuria and hematuria.

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Activity

Activities of a child with asymptomatic, isolated hematuria should not be restricted. However, these children and their parents should be informed that strenuous exercise may aggravate hematuria. Restrictions in physical activities may be indicated in children with severe hypertension or cardiovascular disease.

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