Visceral Larva Migrans Follow-up

Updated: May 14, 2018
  • Author: Raymond D Pitetti, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Follow-up

Further Inpatient Care

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  • Children rarely require hospitalization for visceral larva migrans (VLM).

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Transfer

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  • Arrange transfer for children with disease that require services or specialists not readily available (unusual occurrence).

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Deterrence/Prevention

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  • Avoid contaminated areas when possible.

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Complications

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  • Seizures

  • Myocarditis

  • Encephalitis

  • Abscess

  • Decreased visual acuity and blindness

  • Death

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Prognosis

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  • Visceral larva migrans is generally benign and self-limiting. However, serious sequelae can occur, resulting in significant risk of morbidity and mortality.

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Patient Education

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  • Instruct caregiver to worm household pets and to properly dispose of pet feces.

  • Encourage good personal hygiene, including washing hands after playing with pets.

  • Encourage caregivers to prevent children from playing in areas that are soiled with pet or other animal feces.

  • Teach older children that eating dirt may be dangerous.

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