Laryngomalacia Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 12, 2019
  • Author: Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Denise Serebrisky, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is laryngomalacia?

What is the pathophysiology of laryngomalacia?

How is laryngomalacia classified?

How is laryngomalacia characterized in infants and children?

What is the incidence of laryngomalacia in the US?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with laryngomalacia?

How does the prevalence of laryngomalacia vary among racial groups?

How does the prevalence of laryngomalacia vary by sex?

How does the prevalence of laryngomalacia vary by age?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of laryngomalacia?

Which physical findings are characteristic of laryngomalacia?

What is the primary presentation of laryngomalacia?

What causes laryngomalacia?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Laryngomalacia?

Workup

What monitoring is needed in patients with laryngomalacia?

What is the role of imaging studies in the evaluation of laryngomalacia?

What is the role of laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy in the evaluation of laryngomalacia?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for laryngomalacia?

When is a sleep study indicated in the management of laryngomalacia?

When is acid suppression and swallowing therapy indicated in the treatment of laryngomalacia?

When is supplemental oxygen indicated in the treatment of laryngomalacia?

What is late-onset laryngomalacia and how is it treated?

When is surgery indicated in the treatment of laryngomalacia?

Which specialist consultations may be needed in the treatment of laryngomalacia?

What dietary restrictions are recommended for laryngomalacia?

What activity restrictions are recommended for laryngomalacia?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of laryngomalacia?

What is the duration of laryngomalacia?

What is the indication for acid suppression for the treatment of laryngomalacia?

Follow-up

What is the outpatient treatment of laryngomalacia?

When is inpatient care indicated for laryngomalacia?

What medications are indicated for laryngomalacia?

How is laryngomalacia prevented?

What are possible complications of laryngomalacia?

What is the prognosis of laryngomalacia?