Pediatric Pleural Effusion Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Apr 30, 2018
  • Author: Dagnachew (Dagne) Assefa, MD, FAAP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Tests may need to be ordered to rule out immune dysfunction or other underlying systemic or local pulmonary disorders that cause empyema. Other conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of pleural effusion include the following:

  • Chest mass

  • Pneumonia with pleurisy

  • Pleural thickening

Differential Diagnoses