Plant Poisoning, Caladium, Dieffenbachia, and Philodendron Medication

Updated: Nov 23, 2016
  • Author: Jennifer S Boyle, MD, PharmD; Chief Editor: Timothy E Corden, MD  more...
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Analgesic agents

Class Summary

The mainstay of treatment is to control pain, and, usually, over-the-counter acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be used. Codeine derivatives may occasionally be necessary.

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

DOC for pain in patients with documented hypersensitivity to aspirin or NSAIDs, with upper GI disease, or who are taking PO anticoagulants.

Effective in relieving mild to moderate acute pain; however, has no peripheral anti-inflammatory effects.

Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)

DOC for patients with mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing prostaglandin synthesis.


Opioid Analgesics


For symptomatic relief pain not relieved by acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Binds to opiate receptors in CNS, causing inhibition of ascending pain pathways, altering perception and response to pain.