Enuresis Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Apr 14, 2022
  • Author: Wm Lane M Robson, MD, MA, FRCP, FRCP(Glasg); Chief Editor: Marc Cendron, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

If a medical condition capable of causing the symptoms (eg, neurogenic bladder, diabetes, or urinary tract infection [UTI]) is present, the diagnosis of enuresis generally is not made. However, if urinary incontinence was present on a regular basis before these other medical conditions developed or persisted after they were adequately treated, the diagnosis of enuresis is compatible with their presence. In addition, side effects of medications such as antipsychotics and diuretics should be considered as possible causes.

In general, the diagnosis of nocturnal enuresis is based on excluding all other possible causes.