Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 03, 2020
  • Author: Terry F Favazza, MD; Chief Editor: Marc Cendron, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is myelodysplasia?

What is the pathophysiology of myelodysplasia?

What causes myelodysplasia?

What is the role of genetics in the etiology of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of environmental factors in the etiology of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of folic acid in the etiology of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of diabetes in the etiology of myelodysplasia?

What is the US prevalence of myelodysplasia?

What is the global prevalence of myelodysplasia?

At what age is myelodysplasia typically diagnosed?

What are the sexual predilections of myelodysplasia?

What are the racial predilections of myelodysplasia?

What is the prognosis of myelodysplasia?

What is included in patient education about myelodysplasia?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of myelodysplasia?

Which physical exam findings are characteristic of myelodysplasia?

What are the possible CNS complications of myelodysplasia?

What are the possible urologic complications of myelodysplasia?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of myelodysplasia?

What are the differential diagnoses for Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?

Workup

Which lab tests are performed in newborns with myelodysplasia?

What is the role of abdominal ultrasonography in the workup of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of voiding cystourethrography in the workup of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of lateral spine radiography in the workup of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of residual urine measurement in the workup of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of urodynamic studies in the workup of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of electromyography in the workup of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of fluoroscopy in the workup of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of genetic testing in the workup of myelodysplasia?

Treatment

How is myelodysplasia treated?

How are UTIs treated in patients with myelodysplasia?

How is reflux treated in patients with myelodysplasia?

What is the role of bladder catheterization in the treatment of myelodysplasia?

How is incontinence treated in patients with myelodysplasia?

How is impaired bowel function treated in patients with myelodysplasia?

How are latex allergies prevented in patients with myelodysplasia?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

What is the role of intrauterine surgery in the treatment of myelodysplasia?

What is the role of ureteral reimplantation in the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

What is the role of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid (Deflux) injection in the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

What is the role of vesicostomy in the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

What is the role of bladder augmentation in the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

What is the role of urinary diversion and undiversion in the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of myelodysplasia-related incontinence?

What is the role of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid (Deflux) bladder neck injection in the treatment of myelodysplasia-related incontinence?

What is the role of a bladder neck sling in the treatment of myelodysplasia-related incontinence?

What is the role of detrusor myoplasty in the treatment of myelodysplasia-related incontinence?

What is the role of stem cell injection in the treatment of myelodysplasia-related incontinence?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of myelodysplasia and neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with myelodysplasia and neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of myelodysplasia and neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

What is included in the workup of a tethered cord in patients with myelodysplasia and neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of myelodysplasia and neurogenic bladder dysfunction?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotic, Quinolone are used in the treatment of Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?

Which medications in the drug class Tricyclic antidepressants are used in the treatment of Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?

Which medications in the drug class BPH, Alpha Blockers are used in the treatment of Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha agonists are used in the treatment of Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?

Which medications in the drug class Neuromuscular Blocker Agent, Toxin are used in the treatment of Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic Agent, Transdermal are used in the treatment of Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic Agents are used in the treatment of Myelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction?