Arterial Vascular Malformations Including Hemangiomas and Lymphangiomas Workup

Updated: Feb 24, 2017
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM  more...
  • Print
Workup

Laboratory Studies

The diagnosis of vascular tumors and malformations is usually made solely on the basis of the history and physical examination. No laboratory studies are specifically useful in this setting.

Next:

Imaging Studies

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides precise localization of the lesion. It is performed to detect the presence or absence of associated nervous system abnormalities. Furthermore, because vascular tumors have a distinct appearance on MRI, it is used in the diagnosis of atypical lesions.

Ultrasonography with color flow is cost-effective; however, it is operator-dependent and does not accurately depict the relation of the lesion to other anatomic structures.

Intracranial vascular anomalies are present in more than two thirds of patients with a periorbital lymphatic malformation and potentially require treatment. [36] Imaging of patients with orbital lymphatic malformation should include the brain as well as the orbit.

Prenatal diagnosis of an intracranial, rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma by means of prenatal imaging has been described. [37]

Previous
Next:

Diagnostic Procedures

Biopsy is performed if malignancy is suspected.

Previous