Chronic Urticaria Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 31, 2018
  • Author: Marla N Diakow, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is chronic urticaria?

What are the signs and symptoms of chronic urticaria?

How are chronic urticaria lesions characterized?

Which lab studies are used in the workup of chronic urticaria?

Which medications are used in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the clinical background of chronic urticaria?

What are the types of chronic urticaria?

How are the different types of chronic urticaria characterized?

What is the pathogenesis of chronic urticaria?

What causes chronic urticaria?

What factors lead to the development of chronic urticaria?

What are the physical triggers of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of neurologic triggers in chronic urticaria?

What is the role of emotional and psychological triggers in chronic urticaria?

What is the role of hereditary angioedema in chronic urticaria?

How common is chronic urticaria?

What is the prognosis of chronic urticaria?

Presentation

How are wheals characterized in chronic urticaria?

What is the focus of the physical exam in patients with chronic urticaria?

What are the complications of chronic urticaria?

DDX

What is a potential diagnostic pitfall in patients with chronic urticaria?

What other problems should be considered in the diagnosis of chronic urticaria?

What are the differential diagnoses for Chronic Urticaria?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of chronic urticaria?

Which skin tests are indicated in the workup of chronic urticaria?

What are the histologic findings in chronic urticaria?

Treatment

What are the approach considerations in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of antihistamines in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

Which antihistamines are preferred for the treatment of chronic urticaria in pregnant women?

Which antihistamines are preferred for the treatment of chronic urticaria in patients with kidney or liver impairment?

Which antihistamines are preferred for the treatment of chronic urticaria in children?

What is the role of leukotriene antagonists in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of colchicine and dapsone in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of systemic corticosteroids in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of cyclosporine and methotrexate in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of levothyroxine in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of monoclonal antibodies in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of vitamin D in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

What is the role of autologous whole blood injection (AWBI) in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of chronic urticaria?

Guidelines

Which medical organizations provide guidelines for managing chronic urticaria?

What are the AAAAI treatment guidelines for chronic urticaria?

What are the EAACI/GA2LEN/EDF/WAO treatment guidelines for chronic urticaria?

What are the BSACI treatment guidelines for chronic urticaria?

Medications

Which medications are used to treat chronic urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Thyroid Hormones are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, Other are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, TCAs are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Monoclonal Antibody are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressants are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Anti-Inflammatory Agents are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines, First Generation are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines, Second Generation are used in the treatment of Chronic Urticaria?