Bullous Pemphigoid Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 14, 2020
  • Author: Lawrence S Chan, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What are the signs and symptoms of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

How is bullous pemphigoid (BP) diagnosed?

What are the goals of bullous pemphigoid (BP) treatment?

What are the most commonly used medications for treatment of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the length of therapy for bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the most frequent cause of mortality in bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the role of IgG antibodies in the pathogenesis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the role of BP antigens in the pathogenesis of bullous pemphigoid?

What is the role of BPAg2 in the pathogenesis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the role of cytokines and chemokines in the pathogenesis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the role of autoantibodies in the pathogenesis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the role of other therapies in the pathogenesis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

How prevalent is bullous pemphigoid (BP) in the US?

What is the global incidence of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

How does the prevalence of bullous pemphigoid (BP) vary by race?

How does the prevalence of bullous pemphigoid (BP) vary by sex?

How does the prevalence of bullous pemphigoid (BP) vary by age?

What is the prognosis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What are the possible comorbidities of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What are the indicators of relapse for bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

Which factors increase the mortality risk of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What are the possible sequelae of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What education about bullous pemphigoid (BP) should patients receive?

Presentation

Which history findings suggest bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What are the signs and symptoms of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Bullous Pemphigoid?

Workup

Which lab tests are used in the workup of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the role of direct immunofluorescence (DIF) studies in the diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What is the role of indirect immunofluorescence (IDIF) in the diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

Which tests are used in research labs to diagnosis bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

Which histologic findings suggest bullous pemphigoid (BP) reveal?

Treatment

What is the goal of bullous pemphigoid (BP) therapy?

Which specialist consultations are helpful in the management of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

Which foods may trigger bullous pemphigoid (BP) lesions in patients with oral disease?

What is the role of dietary supplements in the treatment of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

Which activity restrictions are helpful in the treatment of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

What are possible complications of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of bullous pemphigoid (BP)?

Which medications in the drug class Biologicals are used in the treatment of Bullous Pemphigoid?

Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressive agents are used in the treatment of Bullous Pemphigoid?

Which medications in the drug class Anti-inflammatory agents are used in the treatment of Bullous Pemphigoid?