Lentigo Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 16, 2020
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is lentigo?

What is the pathophysiology of lentigo?

What causes lentigo?

What is the prevalence of lentigo in the US?

What is the global prevalence of lentigo?

What are the racial predilections of lentigo?

What are the sexual predilections of lentigo?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of lentigo?

What is the prognosis of lentigo?

What is included in patient education about lentigo?

Presentation

Which factors affect the appearance of lentigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of xeroderma pigmentosum (XP)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of LEOPARD syndrome (lentigines, electrocardiographic conduction defects, ocular hypertelorism, pulmonary stenosis, abnormal genitalia, retardation of growth, and deafness syndrome)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Laugier-Hunziker syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of inherited patterned lentiginosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of lentigo simplex?

Which physical findings are characteristic of solar lentigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of ink-spot lentigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of psoralen and ultraviolet A (PUVA) lentigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of radiation lentigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of tanning-bed lentigines?

Which physical findings are characteristic of oral and labial melanotic macules in lentigo?

How are Laugier-Hunziker syndrome and Peutz-Jeghers syndrome differentiated from oral and labial melanotic macules in lentigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of vulvar and penile lentigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of lentigines profusa?

What are the physical exam findings of agminated lentiginosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of myxoma syndrome in relation to lentigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of LAMB (lentigines, atrial myxomas, mucocutaneous myxomas, and blue nevi) syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of NAME (nevi, atrial myxoma, myxoid neurofibroma, and ephelides) syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Carney syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of nevus spilus?

What are the possible complications of lentigo?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of lentigo?

What are the differential diagnoses for Lentigo?

Workup

What is the role of dermoscopy in the diagnosis of lentigo?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of lentigo?

Treatment

Which medications are used in the treatment of lentigo?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of lentigo?

How is lentigo prevented?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for lentigo?

Which medications in the drug class Bleaching creams are used in the treatment of Lentigo?

Which medications in the drug class Retinoids are used in the treatment of Lentigo?