Pernio Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Feb 20, 2020
  • Author: Michele S Maroon, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

Also consider the following:

  • Acrocyanosis
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome
  • Emboli (septic or cholesterol)
  • Erythromelalgia
  • Ischemia
  • Nakajo-Nishimura syndrome
  • Purple toe syndrome secondary to coumarin
  • Raynaud phenomenon
  • Trauma

Differential Diagnoses