Fire Ant Bites Medication

Updated: Oct 04, 2016
  • Author: James P Ralston, MD; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

The goals of pharmacotherapy are to reduce morbidity and to prevent complications.

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Antihistamines

Class Summary

These agents are for mild-to-severe reactions.

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl, Benylin)

Diphenhydramine is used for symptomatic relief of symptoms caused by release of histamine in allergic reactions.

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Class Summary

These agents relieve pain and reduce inflammation.

Ibuprofen (Ibuprin, Advil, Motrin)

Ibuprofen inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing prostaglandin synthesis.

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Corticosteroids

Class Summary

These agents have anti-inflammatory properties and cause profound and varied metabolic effects. Corticosteroids modify the body's immune response to diverse stimuli. A short course may be used for severe local reactions.

Prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone, Sterapred)

Prednisone may decrease inflammation by reversing increased capillary permeability and suppressing PMN activity. Many dosing regimens have been used.

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Anaphylaxis treatment kit

Class Summary

This agent is used for anaphylaxis reactions.

Epinephrine (EpiPen, Adrenalin)

Epinephrine is the drug of choice for treating anaphylactoid reactions. It has alpha-agonist effects that include increased peripheral vascular resistance, reversed peripheral vasodilatation, systemic hypotension, and vascular permeability. Beta-agonist effects of epinephrine include bronchodilatation, chronotropic cardiac activity, and positive inotropic effects.

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