Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis Questions & Answers

Updated: May 22, 2018
  • Author: Noah S Scheinfeld, JD, MD, FAAD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What was the Jiménez theory of the pathogenesis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is the pathophysiology of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is the role of epoetin alfa (Epogen) in the pathogenesis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is the role of gadolinium in the pathogenesis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Which antibodies may have a role in the pathophysiology of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What was the Macay-Wiggan et al theory of the pathogenesis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What was the McNeill and Barr theory of the pathogenesis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What was the Kucher theory of the pathogenesis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What causes nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is the prevalence of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What are the racial predilections of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is the sexual predilection in nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Which age groups are at highest risk for nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is the prognosis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is included in patient education about nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What are the possible complications of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

How are nerve conduction abnormalities assessed in the workup of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Treatment

What is included in the inpatient care for nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

How is nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

How is nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)?