Calcinosis Cutis Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 05, 2020
  • Author: Julia R Nunley, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is calcinosis cutis?

What is the pathophysiology of calcinosis cutis?

How are the causes of calcinosis cutis classified?

What is dystrophic calcinosis cutis?

What causes localized tissue damage in dystrophic calcinosis cutis?

What causes necrotic tissue damage in dystrophic calcinosis cutis?

Which tumors that may result in dystrophic calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of connective tissue diseases in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of panniculitis in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

Which genetic disorders cause calcinosis cutis?

What causes metastatic calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of hyperparathyroidism in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of paraneoplastic hypercalcemia in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

What causes bone destruction in calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of milk-alkali syndrome in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of vitamin D in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of sarcoidosis in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of chronic renal failure in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of calciphylaxis in the etiology of calcinosis cutis?

What causes idiopathic calcinosis cutis?

What causes iatrogenic calcinosis cutis?

What is the prevalence of calcinosis cutis?

What is the racial predilection of calcinosis cutis?

What is the sexual predilection of calcinosis cutis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of calcinosis cutis?

What is the prognosis of calcinosis cutis?

What is included in patient education about calcinosis cutis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of calcinosis cutis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of calcinosis cutis?

What are the possible complications of calcinosis cutis?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of calcinosis cutis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Calcinosis Cutis?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of calcinosis cutis?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of calcinosis cutis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of calcinosis cutis?

Treatment

How is calcinosis cutis treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of calcinosis cutis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with calcinosis cutis?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of calcinosis cutis?

Which activity modifications are beneficial for patients with calcinosis cutis?

How is calcinosis cutis prevented?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of calcinosis cutis?

Which medications in the drug class Calcimimetics are used in the treatment of Calcinosis Cutis?

Which medications in the drug class Calcium-Channel Blockers are used in the treatment of Calcinosis Cutis?

Which medications in the drug class Diphosphonates are used in the treatment of Calcinosis Cutis?

Which medications in the drug class Antacids are used in the treatment of Calcinosis Cutis?