Subdural Hematoma Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 26, 2018
  • Author: Richard J Meagher, MD; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is a subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What causes subdural hematoma (SDH)?

How are subdural hematomas (SDHs) characterized?

What is the clinical presentation of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

How prevalent are lucid intervals in patients with subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the difference between complicated and uncomplicated acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the mortality rate for acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What causes atraumatic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the pathogenesis of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of the rate of injury acceleration-deceleration in the pathogenesis of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of brain biochemical patterns in the pathogenesis of acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of subfalcial herniation in the pathogenesis of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the pathogenesis of chronic subdural hematomas (SDHs)?

Which systems are excessively activated in the pathogenesis of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

How does chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) affect intracranial pressure (ICP)?

What decreases in CBF occur in chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of cerebral atrophy in the pathogenesis of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What herniation syndromes are caused by subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is spontaneous subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of subdural hygroma in the pathogenesis of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What are possible causes of acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What are possible causes of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What are risk factors for chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Which risk factors are more prevalent in younger patients with subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Which risk factors are more prevalent in older patients with subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the prevalence of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

How does the incidence of subdural hematoma (SDH) vary by sex?

How does the incidence of subdural hematoma (SDH) vary by age?

What is the prognosis of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Which imaging findings are prognostic indicators in subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the mortality rate for subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What are the mortality rates associated with surgery for chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the definition of subacute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What history findings suggest chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What are the signs and symptoms of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What are risk factors for subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What should be included in the physical exam for suspected subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What neurologic findings suggest acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

How should a physical exam be conducted for suspected acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Which neurologic exam findings suggest chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses for subdural hematoma (SDH) patient?

What are the differential diagnoses for Subdural Hematoma?

Workup

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of blood tests in the workup of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of coagulation profiles in the workup of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Which CT findings are diagnostic of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the most common site for occurrence of acute subdural hematomas (SDHs)?

What are the less common locations of subdural hematomas (SDHs) and how are they identified on CT scans?

When are contrast imaging studies indicated in the workup of subdural hematomas (SDHs)?

Which CT findings indicate chronic subdural hematomas (SDHs)?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of histology in the workup of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Treatment

What is the initial treatment of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Which medications are used for the treatment of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What are the BTF-CNS guidelines for the surgical management of acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

When is surgery treatment indicated for subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Which preoperative treatments may reduce ICP in acute subdural hematoma (SDH)?

What is the role of serial CT scanning in the treatment of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Medications

Which medications are used for treatment of subdural hematoma (SDH)?

Which medications in the drug class Osmotic Diuretics are used in the treatment of Subdural Hematoma?