Muscle Contraction Tension Headache Questions & Answers

Updated: May 21, 2019
  • Author: Syed M S Ahmed, MD; Chief Editor: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is tension-type headache (TTH)?

What are the HIS diagnostic criteria for episodic tension-type headache (TTH)?

What are the HIS diagnostic criteria for chronic tension-type headache (TTH)?

What is the pathophysiology of tension-type headache (TTH)?

What is the prevalence of tension-type headache (TTH)?

What are the sexual predilections of tension-type headache (TTH)?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of tension-type headache (TTH)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of tension-type headache (TTH)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of tension-type headache (TTH)?

What causes tension-type headache (TTH)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Muscle Contraction Tension Headache?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of tension-type headache (TTH)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of tension-type headache (TTH)?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the workup of tension-type headache (TTH)?

Treatment

What is the role of minimally invasive therapies in the treatment of tension-type headache (TTH)?

How is tension-type headache (TTH) treated?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of tension-type headache (TTH)?

What is the role of physical therapy (PT) in the treatment of tension-type headache (TTH)?

What is the role of behavioral therapies in the treatment of tension-type headache (TTH)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with tension-type headache (TTH)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of tension-type headache (TTH)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment tension-type headache (TTH)?

Which medications in the drug class Electrolyte supplements are used in the treatment of Muscle Contraction Tension Headache?

Which medications in the drug class Serotonin reuptake inhibitors are used in the treatment of Muscle Contraction Tension Headache?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants are used in the treatment of Muscle Contraction Tension Headache?

Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used in the treatment of Muscle Contraction Tension Headache?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics are used in the treatment of Muscle Contraction Tension Headache?

Follow-up

What is included in patient education about tension-type headache (TTH)?