Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: May 08, 2019
  • Author: Joy Chan, MD; Chief Editor: Robert A Egan, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the pathophysiology of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the prevalence of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the sexual predilection of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What causes neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome?

Workup

How is neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) diagnosed?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the role of EMG/NCS in the workup of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

Treatment

How is neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) treated?

How is common neurologic-type thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) treated?

How is vascular thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) treated?

What is the role of analgesics in the treatment of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the role of antidepressants in the treatment of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the role of anticonvulsants in the treatment of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the role of muscle relaxants in the treatment of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants, Other are used in the treatment of Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, SSRIs and SNRIs are used in the treatment of Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, TCAs are used in the treatment of Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Opioid Analgesics are used in the treatment of Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) are used in the treatment of Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics, Other are used in the treatment of Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome?

Follow-up

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is the prognosis of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?

What is included in patient education about neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)?