Diagnosis and Management of Cervical Spondylosis Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Nov 09, 2018
  • Author: Sandeep S Rana, MD; Chief Editor: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Acromioclavicular pathology

Acute posterior cervical strain

Adhesive capsulitis

Aortic disease


Arteriovenous malformation

Back pain

Bicipital tendonitis - Rotator cuff tears, lateral epicondylitis

Brainstem syndromes

Calcareous tendonitis

Cervical disk syndromes

Cervical lymphadenitis

Cervical rib

Congenital spinal lesion


Double crush syndrome

Epidural abscess

Extrinsic neoplasia (usually metastatic)

Fibrositis syndromes

Frozen shoulder syndromes

Gallbladder disease

Glenohumeral arthritis

Gout (infrequently)

Heart disease

Hyperabduction syndrome

Intervertebral osteoarthritis

Idiopathic brachial plexopathy (neuralgic amyotrophy)

Intrinsic neoplasia

Lung disease


Musculoligamentous injuries to the neck and shoulder


Neoplasms of the shoulder

Nerve injuries

Occipital neuralgia


Osteoarthritis of apophyseal joints

Paget disease

Pancoast tumor

Pancreatic disease

Peptic ulcer disease

Pharyngeal infections

Posttraumatic facet fracture with narrowing of the foramen

Postural disorders

Psychogenic disorders

Rheumatic fever (infrequently)

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rib-clavicle compression

Rotator cuff tears and tendonitis

Scalene muscle

Septic arthritis

Spinal cord tumors

Sternocleidomastoid tendinitis

Subacromial bursitis

Synovial cysts

Tabes dorsalis

Thoracic disk

Thoracic outlet syndrome

Tropical spastic paraparesis

Differential Diagnoses