Neuroacanthocytosis Medication

Updated: Oct 16, 2018
  • Author: Stephen A Berman, MD, PhD, MBA; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Medication Summary

No effective treatment exists. However, symptomatic treatment can be attempted.

In one case describing a patient who presented with truncal tic as part of the symptoms of neuroacanthocytosis, the newly approved anticonvulsant, levetiracetam, was very helpful in controlling the tic. However, further studies are warranted to ensure that it is effective. [47]


Antipsychotic agents

Class Summary

These agents improve psychiatric symptoms and may improve chorea.

Haloperidol (Haldol)

Useful in treatment of irregular spasmodic movements of limbs or facial muscles.


Acetylcholine (ACh) release inhibitor

Class Summary

This agent is effective in mandibular dystonia, thereby improving eating.

OnabotulinumtoxinA (BOTOX©)

Inject into mandibular muscles that are associated with dystonic movements. Treats excessive, abnormal contractions associated with blepharospasm. Binds to receptor sites on motor nerve terminals and inhibits release of ACh, which, in turn, inhibits transmission of impulses in neuromuscular tissue.

Reexamine patients 7-14 d after initial dose to assess response. Increase doses 2-fold over previous dose for patients experiencing incomplete paralysis of target muscle, but do not repeat injection for at least 1 mo.