Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 19, 2018
  • Author: Michael J Schneck, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the classic symptom triad for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the role of lab testing in the evaluation of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

Which procedures are performed in the workup of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the role of drug treatment for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

How is normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) characterized?

What is the pathophysiology of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the global prevalence of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What are the racial predilections of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

How does the prevalence of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) vary by sex?

In which age groups is normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) most prevalent?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings suggest normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What causes normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

DDX

How is Parkinson’s disease differentiated from normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

How is a diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) established from imaging results?

How is hydrocephalus ex vacuo differentiated from normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) on imaging?

Which procedures are performed in the workup of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

Treatment

What is the role of medications in the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is included in preoperative care for shunt surgery in the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

How is external lumbar drainage (ELD) used to predict response to shunt surgery for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the role of isotope cisternography in surgical care for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

Who is the ideal candidate for shunt surgery for the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is an alternative treatment to shun surgery for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

Which specialist consultations are needed for the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

Medications

Which medications are beneficial in the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

Follow-up

What is the prognosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is the incidence of shunt complications following surgery for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

What is included in patient education for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?