Syringomyelia Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Nov 16, 2021
  • Author: Hassan Ahmad Hassan Al-Shatoury, MD, PhD, MHPE; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
  • Print

Diagnostic Considerations

Failure to recognize the symptoms of syringomyelia or attributing symptoms (pain, excess sweating, increased spasticity, numbness, or weakness) to other causes can result in morbidity, including neurologic deterioration. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for syringomyelia in any patient with SCI presenting with new onset or worsening of any of the aforementioned symptoms.

The presence of a peripheral nerve disorder can alter the signs of myelopathy, masking both the sensory loss and distal hyperreflexia. Worsening syringomyelia could be missed in this setting.

Differential Diagnoses