Syringomyelia Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 10, 2017
  • Author: Hassan Ahmad Hassan Al-Shatoury, MD, PhD, MHPE; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is syringomyelia?

What is syringomyelia with fourth ventricle communication?

What is syringomyelia due to blockage of CSF circulation (without fourth ventricular communication)?

What are mechanisms of injury in syringomyelia due to spinal cord injury?

What is syringomyelia due to spinal dysraphism?

What causes syringomyelia due to intramedullary tumors?

What is idiopathic syringomyelia?

What is the pathophysiology of syringomyelia?

What is Gardner's hydrodynamic theory of the pathophysiology of syringomyelia?

What is William's theory of the pathophysiology of syringomyelia?

What is Oldfield's theory of the pathophysiology of syringomyelia?

What is the intramedullary pulse pressure theory of the pathophysiology of syringomyelia?

What causes syringomyelia?

What is the prevalence of syringomyelia?

What is the prognosis of syringomyelia?

What are the possible complications of syringomyelia?

What are the possible complications of myelopathy in syringomyelia?

What is the mortality of syringomyelia?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of syringomyelia?

What are sensory signs and symptoms of syringomyelia?

What are motor signs and symptoms of syringomyelia?

What are autonomic signs and symptoms of syringomyelia?

What are the signs and symptoms of extension of the syrinx in syringomyelia?

What are the cutaneous symptoms of syringomyelia?

What are the musculoskeletal symptoms of syringomyelia?

Which physical findings are characteristic of syringomyelia?

DDX

When should a diagnosis of syringomyelia be suspected?

What are the differential diagnoses for Syringomyelia?

Workup

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of syringomyelia?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of syringomyelia?

What is the role of myelography in the workup of syringomyelia?

What is the role of neurophysiological assessment in the workup of syringomyelia?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of syringomyelia?

Treatment

What is the medical care for treatment of syringomyelia?

What is the role of suboccipital and cervical decompression in the treatment of syringomyelia?

What is the role of laminectomy and syringotomy (dorsolateral myelotomy) in the treatment of syringomyelia?

Which types of shunts may be used in the treatment of syringomyelia?

What is the role of percutaneous needling in the treatment of syringomyelia?

What is the role of terminal ventriculostomy in the treatment of syringomyelia?

What is the role of neuroendoscopic surgery in the treatment of syringomyelia?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of syringomyelia?

Which medications in the drug class Muscle relaxants are used in the treatment of Syringomyelia?

Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used in the treatment of Syringomyelia?