Catatonia Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Nov 03, 2016
  • Author: James Robert Brasic, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

In addition to the conditions listed in the differential diagnosis, other problems to be considered include the following:

  • Acute stress disorder
  • Astrocytoma
  • Autistic disorder [53]
  • Brief reactive psychosis with catatonia
  • Carotid disease
  • Cephalosporin-associated neurotoxicity [54]
  • Cocaine-induced leukoencephalopathy [55]
  • Conversion disorder [56, 57]
  • Dystonia
  • Encephalopathy - HIV infection
  • Extrapontine myelinolysis
  • Fabry disease
  • Hallervorden-Spatz disease
  • Huntington disease
  • Inherited metabolic disorders
  • Inherited neurometabolic disorders
  • Latah betul [29, 30, 31]
  • Low-grade astrocytoma
  • Major depression, single episode with catatonic features
  • Manganese neurotoxicity [58]
  • Medication adverse effect - Levetiracetam, zotepine
  • Mega cisterna magna [59]
  • Meningioma
  • Mood disorders
  • NMS
  • Neurosarcoidosis
  • Neurosyphilis
  • Parkinson disease
  • Parkinson-plus syndromes
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome [60]
  • Prion disease [24]
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Renal failure [54]
  • Schizophrenia
  • Stupor
  • Subdural hematoma
  • Substance intoxication - Cyclosporine, phencyclidine
  • Syphilis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus [61]
  • Tay-Sachs disease
  • Thermal injury
  • Torticollis
  • Transplantation of kidney and liver [62]
  • Tuberculosis
  • Vegetative states
  • Von Economo encephalitis
  • Zaghrouta [56, 57]
  • Zolpidem withdrawal [63]

Differential Diagnoses