Benign Skull Tumors Medication

Updated: Dec 18, 2014
  • Author: Draga Jichici, MD, FRCP, FAHA; Chief Editor: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

The goals of pharmacotherapy are to reduce morbidity and prevent complications.

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Class Summary

Have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activities. Their mechanism of action is not known but may inhibit cyclooxygenase activity and prostaglandin synthesis. Other mechanisms may exist as well, such as inhibition of leukotriene synthesis, lysosomal enzyme release, lipoxygenase activity, neutrophil aggregation, and various cell membrane functions.

Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Haltran, Nuprin)

DOC for mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing prostaglandin synthesis.

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Narcotics

Class Summary

Pain control is essential to quality patient care. These agents ensure patient comfort, promote pulmonary toilet, and have sedating properties, which are beneficial for patients who have moderate to severe pain.

Acetaminophen with codeine (Tylenol #3)

Indicated for treatment of mild to moderate pain.

Oxycodone and acetaminophen (Percocet)

Drug combination indicated for relief of moderate to severe pain; DOC for aspirin-hypersensitive patients.

Hydrocodone bitartrate and acetaminophen (Vicodin ES)

Drug combination indicated for moderate to severe pain.

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Salicylates

Class Summary

Can reduce inflammation and pain symptoms.

Aspirin (Anacin, Ascriptin, Bayer Aspirin)

Treats mild to moderate pain and headache. Inhibits prostaglandin synthesis, which prevents formation of platelet-aggregating thromboxane A2.

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