Fibromuscular Dysplasia Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 27, 2018
  • Author: James A Wilson, MD, MSc, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What are the signs and symptoms of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What should be included in the physical exam for fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is included in the workup of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What are the types of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

How is fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the pathophysiology of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the role of genetics in the pathophysiology of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the prevalence of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the morbidity associated with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What are the racial predilections of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What are the sexual predilections of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristics of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What causes fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Fibromuscular Dysplasia?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the role of angiography in the evaluation of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the role of CT and MRI in the diagnosis of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of intimal fibroplasia type of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of the adventitial fibroplasia type of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of the medial dysplasia subtype of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of the perimedial fibroplasia subtype of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of the medial hyperplasia subtype of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

How is fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) staged?

Treatment

How is fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which medications in the drug class Calcium channel blockers are used in the treatment of Fibromuscular Dysplasia?

Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulants are used in the treatment of Fibromuscular Dysplasia?

Which medications in the drug class Antiplatelet agents are used in the treatment of Fibromuscular Dysplasia?

Which medications in the drug class Fibrinolytic agents are used in the treatment of Fibromuscular Dysplasia?

Follow-up

What is the role of neurorehabilitation in the treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the role of physical therapy in the treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which medications are used in the treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Which lifestyle changes are beneficial to patients with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What are the possible complications of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is the prognosis of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

What is included in patient education about fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?