Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 09, 2018
  • Author: W Alvin McElveen, MD; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

Why is knowledge of venous anatomy important in the evaluation of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What are the AHA/ASA guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What are the causes of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of sinusitis in the etiology of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of trauma and surgery in the etiology of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of hypercoagulable states in the etiology of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of intracranial hypotension in the etiology of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the etiology of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

Which medications increase the risk of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

Which diseases increase the risk for developing cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the global incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

How does the incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) vary by sex?

How does the incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) vary by age?

What is the efficacy of anticoagulant and thrombolytic therapy in the treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the major cause of death in cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the mortality rate associated with untreated venous thrombosis?

What is the prognosis of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the significance of headache location in cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

How does cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) affect mental status?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Cerebral Venous Thrombosis?

Workup

How is cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) diagnosed?

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of EEG in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

Which procedures are indicated in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of D-dimer levels in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of CT angiography in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of magnetic resonance venography (MRV) in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of single-slice phase-contrast angiography (SSPCA) in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the significance of an MRV finding of sinus flow gaps in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of contrast studies in the workup of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

How should frontal sinusitis be treated in cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

How should altered mental status or hemiplegia be treated in cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

When is surgery indicated in the treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the role of thrombolytic therapy in the treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

What is the indication for anticonvulsant therapy in the treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

When are specialist consultations needed for the treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

Guidelines

What are the European Stroke Organization guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)

Medications

What medications are used for the treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT)?

Which medications in the drug class Thrombolytics are used in the treatment of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis?

Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulants, Cardiovascular are used in the treatment of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis?