Meningococcal Meningitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 16, 2018
  • Author: Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim, MD, PhD, MSc, FAAN; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is the prognosis of meningococcal meningitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of meningococcal meningitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of meningococcal meningitis in young children?

How is a diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis confirmed?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis?

What is the role of electroencephalography in the diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis?

What is the role of antibiotic therapy in the treatment of meningococcal meningitis?

Which medications are used in initial empiric therapy of meningococcal meningitis?

Which medications are used in the treatment of confirmed meningococcal meningitis?

How is meningococcal meningitis prevented?

What is meningococcal meningitis?

What are serogroups of meningococci that cause meningococcal meningitis?

What causes meningococcal meningitis?

What are the risk factors for meningococcal meningitis?

What is the incidence of meningococcal meningitis in the US?

What is the global incidence of meningococcal meningitis?

What is the morbidity and mortality of meningococcal meningitis?

What are the race predilections of meningococcal meningitis?

What are the sexual predilections of meningococcal meningitis?

Which age groups are at highest risk for meningococcal meningitis?

What is the prognosis of meningococcal meningitis?

What is included in patient education about meningococcal meningitis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of meningococcal meningitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of meningococcal meningitis?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of meningococcal meningitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Meningococcal Meningitis?

Workup

How is a diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis confirmed?

What is the role of CSF analysis in the diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis?

What is the role of PCR in the workup of meningococcal meningitis?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of meningococcal meningitis?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of meningococcal meningitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of meningococcal meningitis?

What are other tests used in the workup of meningococcal meningitis?

Treatment

How is meningococcal meningitis treated?

What is the role of pharmacologic therapy in the treatment of meningococcal meningitis?

How is meningococcal meningitis prevented?

What is the efficacy of vaccination against meningococcal meningitis?

What is the role of chemoprophylaxis for prevention of meningococcal meningitis?

What is included in inpatient care of meningococcal meningitis?

What is included in long-term monitoring following treatment of meningococcal meningitis?

Medications

What is the role of empiric therapy in the treatment of meningococcal meningitis?

Which medications in the drug class Vaccines are used in the treatment of Meningococcal Meningitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Meningococcal Meningitis?