Alcoholic Ketoacidosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 07, 2018
  • Author: George Ansstas, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are the pathophysiologic causes of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the pathogenesis of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the pathophysiology of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of ethanol metabolism in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of dehydration in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of fasting in the development of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

How is ketone body clearance decreased in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of ketogenesis in the development of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What causes alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the epidemiology of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the prognosis of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What referral and education should be provided to patients with alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

Presentation

What are the presenting features of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the typical presentation of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are the physical findings in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are the complications of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

DDX

What are the diagnostic considerations in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

Which disorders may be seen in patients with alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Alcoholic Ketoacidosis?

Workup

What are usual lab findings in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of arterial blood gas (ABG) measurement in the workup of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of a serum ketone test in the workup of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of glucose testing in the workup of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are the serum chemistry findings in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are the CBC findings in the workup of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of liver and pancreatic function tests in the workup of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of blood alcohol measurement in the workup of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are other lab findings in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

Treatment

What treatment addresses the pathophysiologic causes of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are the approach considerations in the treatment of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

When is transfer indicated for patients with alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

When is bicarbonate therapy indicated in the treatment of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What are the signs of alcohol withdrawal syndrome?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of ketoacidosis (AKA)?

What follow-up care is indicated in the treatment of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

Which medications in the drug class Vitamins are used in the treatment of Alcoholic Ketoacidosis?

Which medications in the drug class Electrolyte Supplements, Parenteral are used in the treatment of Alcoholic Ketoacidosis?