Neurocysticercosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Mohammed J Zafar, MD, FAAN, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is neurocysticercosis?

What are the signs and symptoms of neurocysticercosis?

What are the physical findings indicative of neurocysticercosis?

How is neurocysticercosis diagnosed?

What is the role of CT scanning in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

What is the role of MRI in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

What is the role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

What is the role of stool exam in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

What is included in the treatment of neurocysticercosis?

What are the treatment options for neurocysticercosis if the parasite is viable or active?

When is surgery indicated for neurocysticercosis?

What is neurocysticercosis?

What is the pathophysiology of neurocysticercosis?

What is the incidence of neurocysticercosis in the US?

What is the global incidence of neurocysticercosis?

What are the racial predilections of neurocysticercosis?

How does the incidence of neurocysticercosis vary by sex and age?

What is the prognosis of neurocysticercosis?

How can neurocysticercosis be prevented?

Presentation

Why is the clinical presentation of neurocysticercosis variable?

How is epilepsy characterized in neurocysticercosis?

What is the significance of headache in the clinical presentation of neurocysticercosis?

What are the signs and symptoms of intracranial hypertension in neurocysticercosis?

What causes stroke in neurocysticercosis?

What are neuropsychiatric symptoms of neurocysticercosis?

What causes hydrocephalus in neurocysticercosis and what is its prevalence?

What are the forms of neurocysticercosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of neurocysticercosis?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of neurocysticercosis?

What are the stages of T solium involution that lead to the development of neurocysticercosis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Neurocysticercosis?

Workup

How is neurocysticercosis diagnosed?

What is the role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

What is the role of stool exam in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

What is the role of immunologic testing in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

What is the role of CT scanning in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

Which findings on CT scan indicate neurocysticercosis?

What is the role of MRI in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

Which findings on MRI indicate neurocysticercosis?

What is the role of brain biopsy in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis?

What are the histologic features of neurocysticercosis?

Treatment

What is included in the treatment of neurocysticercosis?

How is neurocysticercosis treated if the parasite is dead?

How is neurocysticercosis treated if the parasite is viable or active?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of neurocysticercosis?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with neurocysticercosis?

Medications

What is the role of drug treatment for neurocysticercosis?

Which medications in the drug class Diuretic Agents are used in the treatment of Neurocysticercosis?

Which medications in the drug class Glucocorticoid Agents are used in the treatment of Neurocysticercosis?

Which medications in the drug class Antiepileptics are used in the treatment of Neurocysticercosis?

Which medications in the drug class Anticysticercal medications are used in the treatment of Neurocysticercosis?