Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 26, 2021
  • Author: Emad R Noor, MBChB; Chief Editor: Nicholas Lorenzo, MD, CPE, MHCM, FAAPL  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the pathophysiology of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the prevalence of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the racial predilection of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the sexual predilection of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Presentation

What is the typical clinical presentation of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

How is progressive weakness characterized in acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the sensory symptoms of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the autonomic dysfunction symptoms of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

How is pain characterized in acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the variants of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which weakness findings are characteristic of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which deep tendon reflexes findings suggest acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which autonomic dysfunction findings suggest acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which physical findings are inconsistent with a diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the diagnostic criteria for Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)?

What is pharyngeal-cervical-brachial weakness (PCB)?

What causes acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the viral causes of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the bacterial causes of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which vaccines cause acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which conditions may cause acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are clinical variants of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

How do the clinical features of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) compare with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of blood tests in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of urine tests in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of stool cultures in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of MRI in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of chest radiography in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of electrodiagnostic testing in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of nerve conduction studies (NCS) in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of cauda equina conduction time (CECT) in the evaluation of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the significance of a sural-sparing pattern on nerve conduction studies (NCS) of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of needle EMG in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which electrophysiologic tests are not used in the evaluation of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of autonomic testing in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of pulmonary function tests in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Treatment

How is acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which activity modifications are beneficial in the treatment of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulant agents are used in the treatment of Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Immunomodulatory agents are used in the treatment of Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of patients with acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is included in inpatient care of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the possible complications of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What is the prognosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

What are the prognostic factors for acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?

Which supportive care measures may improve mortality for acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)?