Autonomic Neuropathy Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 14, 2018
  • Author: Steven D Arbogast, DO; Chief Editor: Nicholas Lorenzo, MD, MHA, CPE  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is autonomic neuropathy?

What is the pathophysiology of autonomic neuropathy?

What is Fabry disease?

What are acute intermittent porphyria and variegate porphyria?

What are inherited autonomic neuropathies?

What is familial amyloid polyneuropathy?

What is hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy?

Which autonomic neuropathies are associated with hepatic disease?

What are acquired autonomic neuropathies?

What are primary acquired autonomic neuropathies?

What is the most common autonomic neuropathy?

What is uremic neuropathy?

Which vitamin deficiencies, toxins, and drugs are associated with autonomic neuropathy?

Which infectious diseases are associated with autonomic neuropathy?

Which autoimmune conditions are associated autonomic neuropathy?

What is the mortality and morbidity of autonomic neuropathy?

What are the racial predilections in the prevalence of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the sexual predilection in prevalence of autonomic neuropathy?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of autonomic neuropathy?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of autonomic neuropathy?

What are the signs and symptoms of autonomic neuropathy?

What should be included in the physical exam for autonomic neuropathy?

Which physical findings are characteristic of autonomic neuropathy?

What causes autonomic neuropathy?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Autonomic Neuropathy?

Workup

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of blood tests in the diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy?

Which autonomic testing is recommended by the AAN for the evaluation of autonomic neuropathy?

What are the roles of nerve conduction studies (NCS) and electromyography (EMG) in the diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy?

Which specialized tests may be helpful in the workup of autonomic neuropathy?

Which autonomic tests may be useful in the evaluation of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of vascular studies in the evaluation of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of urological studies in the diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of GI studies in the diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of biopsy in the diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy?

Which immunologic findings are characteristic of autonomic neuropathy?

How is autonomic neuropathy staged?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of pharmacologic therapy in the treatment of autonomic neuropathy?

How is Sjögren syndrome (SS) treated in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

How is porphyria treated in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

How is urogenital dysfunction treated in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

How are GI conditions managed in autonomic neuropathy?

How is pandysautonomia treated in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

How is postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) treated in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

How is dysautonomia treated in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

How is Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome treated in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

What is the focus of treatment for amyloidoses in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

How are hypohidrosis and hyperhidrosis treated in patients with autonomic neuropathy?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of autonomic neuropathy?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial for patients with autonomic neuropathy?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of autonomic neuropathy?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for autonomic neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Cholinergic agonist agents are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Immune globulin are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic agent are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Colony-stimulating Factor are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Neuromuscular blocker agent, toxin are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Phosphodiesterase inhibitors are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Vasopressin analogs are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Beta-adrenergic blocker are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic agents are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Mineralocorticoids are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha-1 Agonists are used in the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy?

Follow-up

How is autonomic neuropathy prevented?

What are complications of autonomic neuropathy?

What is the prognosis of autonomic neuropathy?

What is included in patient education about autonomic neuropathy?

Where can information about autonomic neuropathy be found?