Inhalants Medication

Updated: May 05, 2017
  • Author: Nicholas J Connors, MD; Chief Editor: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS  more...
  • Print

Medication Summary

The goals of pharmacotherapy are to neutralize the effects of the toxic chemical, to reduce morbidity, and to prevent complications.



Class Summary

These drugs augment both coronary and cerebral blood flow present during low flow states.

Epinephrine (Adrenalin)

Indicated in bolus form for asystole or pulseless arrest; indicated as continuous IV infusion for shock or significant hypotension after ensuring adequate intravascular volume.

Norepinephrine (Levophed)

Indicated for treatment of hypotension or shock after adequate volume replacement and if patient has stable rhythm. Norepinephrine has strong beta1- and alpha-adrenergic effects and moderate beta2 effects, which increase cardiac output and heart rate, decrease renal perfusion and pulmonary vascular resistance. It has variable effects on blood pressure.