Pediatric Febrile Seizures Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 09, 2018
  • Author: Robert J Baumann, MD; Chief Editor: Amy Kao, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are pediatric febrile seizures?

How are pediatric febrile seizures categorized?

How does the timing of the first measles-mumps-rubella (MMV) or measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine affect the risk for pediatric febrile seizures?

What are the signs and symptoms of a simple febrile seizure?

What are the signs and symptoms of a complex febrile seizure?

What are the signs and symptoms of a symptomatic febrile seizure?

How are pediatric febrile seizures diagnosed?

When should lumbar puncture be considered in diagnosis of pediatric febrile seizures?

What is the role of anticonvulsant therapy in the treatment of pediatric febrile seizures?

What are pediatric febrile seizures?

How is simple febrile seizure characterized?

How is complex febrile seizure characterized?

How is symptomatic febrile seizure characterized?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric febrile seizures?

How common are pediatric febrile seizures in the US?

Which health risks are increased in children with febrile seizures?

Which sex has a higher risk for pediatric febrile seizures?

What is the risk factor for pediatric febrile seizures by age?

Presentation

Which history is characteristic of pediatric febrile seizures?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric febrile seizures?

What causes pediatric febrile seizures?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Febrile Seizures?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the diagnosis of pediatric febrile seizures?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of pediatric febrile seizures?

What is the role of EEG in the diagnosis of pediatric febrile seizures?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the diagnosis of pediatric febrile seizures?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for pediatric febrile seizures?

How is febrile status epilepticus managed in children with febrile seizures?

What activity restrictions are included in the treatment of pediatric febrile seizures?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of pediatric febrile seizures?

Which medications in the drug class Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Pediatric Febrile Seizures?

Follow-up

What is the prognosis of pediatric febrile seizures?

What should be included in parent education about pediatric febrile seizures?