Neonatal Seizures Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 31, 2019
  • Author: Raj D Sheth, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are neonatal seizures?

What are the characteristics of neonatal seizures?

How are neonatal seizures classified?

What is the pathophysiology of neonatal seizures?

What causes neonatal seizures?

What is the role of intracranial infections in the etiology of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in the etiology of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of hemorrhage in the etiology of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of metabolic disorders in the etiology of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of genetic disorders in the etiology of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of cerebral malformations in the etiology of neonatal seizures?

What are benign neonatal seizures?

What is the incidence of neonatal seizures?

At what age are neonatal seizures most prevalent?

What is the prognosis of neonatal seizures?

What is the scoring system for early prognostic assessment after neonatal seizures?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with neonatal seizures?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of neonatal seizures?

Which family history findings are characteristic of neonatal seizures?

Which pregnancy history findings are characteristic of neonatal seizures?

Which delivery history findings are characteristic of neonatal seizures?

Which postnatal history findings are characteristic of neonatal seizures?

DDX

How is benign sleep myoclonus differentiated from neonatal seizures?

How is jitteriness differentiated from neonatal seizures?

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of neonatal seizures?

What are the differential diagnoses for Neonatal Seizures?

Workup

What is the role of EEG in the workup of neonatal seizures?

How is the cause of neonatal seizures determined?

What is the role of cerebrospinal fluid analysis in the workup of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of cEEG in the workup of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of aEEG in the workup of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of therapeutic hypothermias in neonatal seizures?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with neonatal seizures?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of neonatal seizures?

What is included in long-term monitoring of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of cranial ultrasonography in the workup of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of neonatal seizures?

What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of neonatal seizures?

Treatment

How are neonatal seizures treated?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of neonatal seizures?

Medications

How are antiepileptic medications administered in the treatment of neonatal seizures?

Which medications in the drug class Vitamins, Water-Soluble are used in the treatment of Neonatal Seizures?

Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants, Other are used in the treatment of Neonatal Seizures?