Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 17, 2019
  • Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
  • Print
Sections
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ADA diagnostic criteria for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

When should asymptomatic adults be screened for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the main goals of treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the EASD-ADA treatment guidelines for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ADA guidelines for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) frequency?

Which interventions may help prevent or limit the complications of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the common vascular and neuropathic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How are type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) differentiated?

What is the total annual cost in the U.S. for management of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) develop?

What two factors must be present for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) to occur?

How does prolonged type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) affect the pancreas?

What is the role of beta-cell dysfunction in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does insulin resistance affect glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which genes increase the risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of amino acid metabolism in the pathology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How do the complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) differ by type?

Which lipid abnormalities contribute to cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does insulin resistance affect lipid accumulation and how is it managed?

When does cardiovascular risk increase in the pathology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) accelerate cognitive decline?

What is secondary diabetes?

What are common causes of secondary diabetes?

What are the definition and prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Are there 5 types, or clusters, of diabetes?

What are the etiologic factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

At what BMI does the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) increase?

How does low birth weight affect the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does obesity affect the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How do environmental pollutants affect the development and progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What conditions may lead to the development of secondary diabetes?

What are the major risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What genes are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What genes are associated with maturity onset diabetes of youth (MODY)?

What is the role of mitochondrial DNA in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

When should mitochondrial forms of diabetes mellitus (DM) be suspected?

How does birth weight affect the risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does depression increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Does schizophrenia increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Do preeclampsia or gestational hypertension increase the risk of postpartum type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and prediabetes in the US?

What is the association between socioeconomic status and diabetes?

What is the global prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) differ among racial and ethnic groups?

How does the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) differ among different age groups?

What factors influence the prognosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the efficacy of intensive therapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does the long-term cardiovascular risk of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) compare to nondiabetic patients with first myocardial infarction?

What are the costs and benefits of high-quality preventive care to decrease complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of routine screening with MPI in asymptomatic type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What does coronary vasodilator dysfunction predict in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the mortality rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) impact morbidity and mortality?

What is the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (blindness due to diabetes mellitus)?

What is the prevalence of ESRD caused by diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the risk for lower limb amputations due to diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What factors are associated with an increased risk for cancer with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Does metformin treatment reduce cancer-associated mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and is there an association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and postoperative pneumonia?

How does diabetes mellitus (DM) affect pregnancy?

How should patient education for diabetes mellitus (DM) be delivered?

What is the impact of individually conducted education on outcomes in diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Presentation

What symptoms suggest diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What questions should be included in a focused diabetes history of established type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the dawn phenomenon (effect) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is included in a diabetes-focused physical exam?

Why is continued measurement of vital signs indicated for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What should funduscopic exam for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) include?

What is the prevalence at diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the stages of diabetic retinopathy?

What is the effect of larger retinal arteriolar and venular calibres on cognitive functioning in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the effect of ruptured intraretinal capillaries in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the effect of macular edema in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are preproliferative and proliferative diabetic retinopathy?

What are the signs of retinal hemorrhage in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and how can damage be reduced?

What findings should be noted during foot exams for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How should type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients be educated regarding foot care if peripheral neuropathy is present?

How are type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) differentiated on the basis of history and physical exam?

DDX

How is diabetes mellitus (DM) type determined?

What is the treatment for diabetes mellitus in the ED when the type is unknown?

How is prediabetes defined?

What causes metabolic syndrome (also called syndrome X or the insulin-resistance syndrome)?

How is metabolic syndrome (also called syndrome X or the insulin-resistance syndrome) diagnosed?

How does metabolic syndrome (also called syndrome X or the insulin-resistance syndrome) progress into insulin resistance?

Workup

What are the ADA diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What tests are needed to confirm a diabetes mellitus (DM) diagnosis if unequivocal hyperglycemia is absent?

What additional testing is required if 2 different test results are discordant for diabetes mellitus (DM) diagnosis?

What testing should be performed in an asymptomatic patient with random serum glucose level that suggests diabetes mellitus (DM)(>140 mg/dL)?

What HbA1c levels are considered diagnostic for prediabetes and diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What testing is done in the ED for all patients with diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How is a plasma glucose level determined?

How does a serum glucose measurement compare to a plasma glucose measurement in diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How are capillary whole blood measurements used in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How are fasting glucose measurements used in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the WHO diagnostic criteria for impaired glucose tolerance?

What timespan does glycated hemoglobin measurements reflect?

How is HbA1c testing used for diagnosing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the advantages of HbA1c testing over glucose measurement for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How is HbA1c testing interpreted in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus?

What are limitations of HbA1c testing in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How is HbA1c testing used to predict the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in children and adolescents?

What HbA1c levels are predictive of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What HbA1c levels are predictive of myocardial infarction risk?

What is the role of HbA1c testing in the diagnosis of neonatal diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the impact of variation in the rate at which hemoglobin is glycated

Are HbA1c or GHb assays superior in measuring glycemic control?

Why isn’t the International IFCC reference method for measurement of HbA1c used in clinical practice?

When and how should screening for microalbuminuria be performed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How is microalbuminuria diagnosed?

What does microalbuminuria indicate in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and how does it differ from type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the recommendations for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) screening in asymptomatic adults?

What test is used to differentiate type 2 from type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of C-peptide levels in differentiating type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How is latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA) differentiated from type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Are autoantibodies useful in differentiating type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Treatment

According to the American College of Physicians (ACP), what is the HbA1c target level in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the goals of diabetes mellitus (DM) management?

What type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) treatment recommendations are available for primary care doctors from the ADA?

What is included in the effective management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How should blood glucose levels be managed in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What effect does diet and exercise have on diabetic control?

Does greater frequency of primary care visits positively affect the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the major findings of the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the implications of the findings of the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) for management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which drug classes are used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and what are their cardiovascular effects?

What are the benefits of adding sitagliptin to metformin for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus?

Which biguanides are approved for use in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What mechanisms are responsible for the effectiveness of metformin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of metformin use in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ACP recommendations for use of metformin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and what has big-data research found regarding the addition of other drugs to this therapy?

Is metformin treatment effective in combination with insulin for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Do metformin and insulin reduce inflammatory biomarker levels in recent-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does metformin therapy impact mortality rates from heart failure in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What should guide drug class selection for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the impact of metformin treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) on survival rate in cancer patients?

What are sulfonylureas?

How should sulfonylureas be used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the impact of sulfonylureas for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) on cardiovascular mortality rates?

What are meglitinides?

How should meglitinides be used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How should thiazolidinediones (TZDs) be used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How effective are thiazolidinediones (TZDs) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of pioglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are possible adverse effects of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Are glucagonlike peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists beneficial in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How effective is exenatide in metformin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of exenatide in addition to insulin glargine for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which dosage of exenatide should be used for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of liraglutide in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of albiglutide (Tanzeum) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How do albiglutide and liraglutide compare in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

When should dulaglutide (Trulicity) be used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and how does it compare to other treatments?

When is dulaglutide contraindicated for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of lixisenatide (Adlyxin) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and how should it be used?

What is the role of semaglutide (Ozempic) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does sitagliptin compare to metformin in treatment-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of adding sitagliptin to stable-dose insulin therapy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of linagliptin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the adverse effects of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of selective sodium-glucose transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of canagliflozin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the indications for dapagliflozin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the indications for empagliflozin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the indications for ertugliflozin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What role does insulin play in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How effective are premixed insulin analogues in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of long-acting insulins in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which rapid-acting insulin treatments for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are approved by the FDA?

What is the role of insulin aspart Fiasp in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Does the use of insulin treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) increase the risk of cancer?

What are the benefits of amylinomimetics in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of bile acid sequestrants in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How is bromocriptine mesylate (Cycloset) used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the adverse effects of bromocriptine in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the findings of the AHRQ on the effectiveness and safety of oral diabetes medications?

What is the role of obesity management and weight loss in the AACE comprehensive type 2 diabetes treatment algorithm?

What are the advantages of metformin as treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does metformin therapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) affect the risk of developing dementia?

What is the indication for dual-drug therapy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the basis for selecting and adding a second agent to metformin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

If 2 drugs are unsuccessful, what options for triple-drug therapy are available for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the desired goals of glucose values in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and how should treatment change accordingly?

How important is regularity of twice-daily insulin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

When is premixed insulin indicated in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How is multiple daily dosing of insulin administered for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Where is the preferred site for administration of insulin injections in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Can insulin dosing be reduced without compromising glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the AACE and ACE guidelines on insulin pump management?

How should continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) be managed in adults with diabetes mellitus (DM)?

When should continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) be considered in pediatric patients with diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the efficacy of intensified basal-bolus regimen of insulin glargine and insulin glulisine for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of postprandial glucose measurements in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What therapies are available to normalize preprandial and postprandial glycemia?

On what basis are glycemic management decisions made for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ACP guidelines for glycemic targets in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the risks of intensive glucose lowering in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What factors point against intensive blood glucose lowering in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

According to the ADA and AGS, how should goals for glycemia, blood pressure, and dyslipidemia be adjusted for elderly patients?

What risks should be considered in treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in patients with alcoholism, substance abuse problems, or mental illness?

What is the impact of hypoglycemia unawareness in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the role of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How should diet be managed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does weight loss affect cardiovascular disease risk and hepatic steatosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of limiting carbohydrates or fats in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the impact of dairy and other trans-fats in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Should advanced glycation end-products be restricted in the diet of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Is oral ginseng beneficial for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Is pasta enriched with biologically active isoflavone aglycons beneficial for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Is the addition of n-3 fatty acids beneficial in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits of physical activity in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What types of exercise are most beneficial for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the DSS-II guidelines for bariatric surgery for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Does bariatric surgery improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What lab monitoring is required for ongoing assessment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ADA guidelines for monitoring complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which patient subgroups are most at risk for development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) complications?

What blood pressure goals do the ADA guidelines recommend for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Does the use of olmesartan to control hypertension increase cardiovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which antihypertensive medications are recommended for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

When should patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) take antihypertensive medications?

What are the ADA guidelines for the use of statins in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Are fibrates effective in reducing coronary heart disease (CHD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus effective (DM)?

Are beta blockers beneficial in the management of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ADA guidelines for low-dose aspirin for prevention of cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Is simvastatin therapy effective in reducing coronary heart disease (CHD) events in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Is atorvastatin effective in reducing coronary heart disease (CHD) events in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the risks of statin therapy in relation to type 2 diabetes mellitus?

What are the ADA guidelines on the use of statins in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the benefits to increasing HDL cholesterol levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Should triglyceride levels be treated in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How do outcomes differ between patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and heart disease undergoing revascularization or medical therapies?

How is diabetic retinopathy treated?

What are adverse effects of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) for treatment of diabetic retinopathy?

What is the efficacy of laser therapy in the treatment of ophthalmologic complications of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ophthalmologic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the treatment options for neuropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the treatment options for gastroparesis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How does autonomic neuropathy manifest in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and how is it treated?

Which acute-onset mononeuropathies may be caused by type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk for which infectious diseases?

How is intercurrent medical illness in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) managed?

How should glucose levels be managed in critically ill patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How should type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) be managed in patients undergoing surgery?

What are the ACCE guidelines for prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in at-risk adults?

How do modest lifestyle improvements decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What effect does cigarette smoking have on type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) risk?

What effect does the intake of magnesium have on type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) risk?

What effect does the intake of phylloquinone have on type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) risk?

What are the FDA-approved drugs for treatment of prediabetes or prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ADA guidelines for the use of metformin to treat prediabetes?

What is the efficacy of troglitazone in preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

How effective are ramipril and rosiglitazone in reducing the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the efficacy of acarbose in reducing the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the AHA/ASA guidelines for the prevention of stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

When is consultation with a diabetes specialist indicated?

Guidelines

What are the American Diabetes Association treatment guidelines on managing hypertension in patients with diabetes?

What are the recommendations of the ADA Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes?

What are the 2018 ADA/EASD treatment guidelines for hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes?

Medications

What drugs are used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

When are weight loss medications indicated in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the initial treatment for symptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Biguanides are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Sulfonylureas are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Meglitinide Derivatives are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Thiazolidinediones are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Glucagonlike Peptide-1 Agonists are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Amylinomimetics are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Selective Sodium-Glucose Transporter-2 Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Bile Acid Sequestrants are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Rapid-Acting Insulins are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Short-Acting Insulins are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Intermediate-Acting Insulins are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiabetics, Long-Acting Insulins are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Which medications in the drug class Dopamine Agonists are used in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?