Moyamoya Disease Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Sep 06, 2017
  • Author: Roy Sucholeiki, MD; Chief Editor: Amy Kao, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of causes of or associations with moyamoya syndrome include the following:

  • Homocystinuria/homocysteinemia

  • Hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia

  • Syndrome of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS)

  • Methylmalonic acidemia

  • Propionic acidemia

  • Neurofibromatosis, type 1

  • Neurofibromatosis, type 2

  • Pituitary tumors

  • Polyarteritis nodosa

  • Posterior cerebral artery stroke

  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

  • Temporal/giant cell arteritis

  • Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

  • Apert syndrome

  • Aplastic anemia

  • Brainstem syndromes

  • Cranial trauma

  • Coarctation of the aorta

  • Fanconi anemia

  • Irradiation injury

  • Leptospirosis

  • Marfan syndrome

  • Mitochondrial cytopathies

  • Parasellar tumors

  • Sickle cell disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Turner syndrome

  • Vasculitis

  • Carotid disease and stroke

Differential Diagnoses