Moyamoya Disease Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Sep 06, 2017
  • Author: Roy Sucholeiki, MD; Chief Editor: Amy Kao, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of causes of or associations with moyamoya syndrome include the following:

  • Homocystinuria/homocysteinemia
  • Hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia
  • Syndrome of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS)
  • Methylmalonic acidemia
  • Propionic acidemia
  • Neurofibromatosis, type 1
  • Neurofibromatosis, type 2
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Posterior cerebral artery stroke
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Temporal/giant cell arteritis
  • Tolosa-Hunt syndrome
  • Apert syndrome
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Brainstem syndromes
  • Cranial trauma
  • Coarctation of the aorta
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Irradiation injury
  • Leptospirosis
  • Marfan syndrome
  • Mitochondrial cytopathies
  • Parasellar tumors
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Tuberculosis
  • Turner syndrome
  • Vasculitis
  • Carotid disease and stroke

Differential Diagnoses