Glucose Intolerance Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 28, 2019
  • Author: Samuel T Olatunbosun, MD, FACP, FACE; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is glucose intolerance?

What is the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)?

What is the pathophysiology of glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What is the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What causes specific types of diabetes other than DM and GDM?

What is the pathophysiology of glucose intolerance?

What causes glucose intolerance?

What is the prevalence of glucose intolerance disorders in the US?

What is the global prevalence of glucose intolerance disorders?

What are the racial predilections of glucose intolerance disorders?

What are the sexual predilections of glucose intolerance disorders?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of glucose intolerance?

What is the prognosis of glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the prognosis of gestational diabetes?

What is the prognosis of impaired glucose tolerance?

What is included in the patient education about glucose intolerance disorders?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of prediabetes?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of glucose intolerance?

Which physical findings are characteristic of glucose intolerance disorders?

Which physical findings are characteristic of genetic syndromes associated with glucose intolerance?

Which physical findings are characteristic of systemic disorders associated with glucose intolerance?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of glucose intolerance?

What are the differential diagnoses for Glucose Intolerance?

Workup

What are the ADA diagnostic criteria for type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

What are the ADA diagnostic criteria for prediabetes?

What are the WHO diagnostic criteria for diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance?

What are the ADA diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)?

What are the indications for plasma glucose (PG) measurement?

What is the role of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) studies in the workup of glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the role of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in the workup of glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the role of A1C testing in the workup of glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the role of cardiac testing in the workup of glucose intolerance disorders?

Treatment

How are glucose intolerance disorders treated?

Which lifestyle modifications are used in the treatment of glucose intolerance disorders?

What are the USDHHS guidelines on physical activity for the prevention of glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the role of bariatric surgery in the treatment of glucose intolerance disorders?

Guidelines

What are the ADA screening guidelines for glucose intolerance disorders?

What is the role of sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) in the treatment of glucose intolerance disorders?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of glucose intolerance disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Dopamine Agonists are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Sodium-glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Dipeptidyl Peptidase-IV Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Amylinomimetic agents are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (glp-1) Receptor Agonists are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Premixed Insulins are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Long-acting insulins are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Intermediate-acting insulins are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Short-acting insulins are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Rapid-acting insulins are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Thiazolidinediones are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Biguanides are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Meglitinide derivatives are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?

Which medications in the drug class Sulfonylureas are used in the treatment of Glucose Intolerance?