Viral Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) Questions & Answers

Updated: May 24, 2019
  • Author: Ingrid U Scott, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are the signs and symptoms of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

How is viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) diagnosed?

How is viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) treated?

When are antiviral drugs indicated in the treatment of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

How is viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) prevented?

Which microorganisms are common causes of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the difference between viral and bacterial conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Where can more information be found about different forms of conjunctivitis?

What is the most common cause of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

How is viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) transmitted?

What is the role of primary ocular herpes simplex infection in the etiology of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the role of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in the etiology of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What causes acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)?

What is the role of molluscum contagiosum in the etiology of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

How does the vaccinia virus cause of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

How does HIV infection affect the disease course of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the global prevalence of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the sex predilection for viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the age predilection for viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the prognosis of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are complications of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are the morbidities of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What information about viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) should patients receive?

Presentation

What is the focus of clinical history in the evaluation of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What should be included in the history of a patient with viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are the signs and symptoms of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are the symptoms of primary ocular HSV infection-caused conjunctivitis?

What are the symptoms of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection-caused conjunctivitis?

What are characteristics of herpes zoster ophthalmicus?

What is characteristic of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)?

What are characteristics of molluscum contagiosum-caused conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Which viruses are less frequent causes of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are the typical signs of adenoviral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are the typical signs of conjunctivitis (pink eye) caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection?

What are the physical findings of varicella conjunctivitis?

What are the physical findings of herpes zoster ophthalmicus?

What are the physical findings of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Viral Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)?

Workup

How is viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) diagnosed?

What is the role of culture and smear in the diagnosis of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the role of Giemsa staining in the diagnosis of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

When is viral isolation indicated for the diagnosis of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Which rapid detection methods are used in the diagnosis of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Which methods for the detection of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) are used primarily in research settings?

What is the role of serologic tests in the diagnosis of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are symptomatic treatment options for viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Which medications are used to prevent viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the role of topical steroids in the treatment of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What is the role of povidone-iodine in the treatment of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are the treatment options for conjunctivitis (pink eye) caused by HSV infection?

What are the treatment options for conjunctivitis (pink eye) caused by VZV infection?

What are the treatment options for conjunctivitis (pink eye) caused by molluscum contagiosum?

What are the treatment options for less common viral infections associated with conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

What are the treatment options for acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)?

How is viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) prevented?

What are contagion and isolation precautions for patients with viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

How is doctor-patient viral conjunctivitis (pink eye) transmission prevented?

What follow-up care is needed after treatment of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Which specialist consultations are needed for the treatment of viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Medications

What are the goals of drug treatment for viral conjunctivitis (pink eye)?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Viral Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)?

Which medications in the drug class Antivirals are used in the treatment of Viral Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)?

Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressant Agents are used in the treatment of Viral Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Viral Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines are used in the treatment of Viral Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)?

Which medications in the drug class Ocular Lubricants are used in the treatment of Viral Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)?