Neonatal Conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia Neonatorum) Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 05, 2018
  • Author: Emily A McCourt, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

Which conditions are related to neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the anatomy and pathology of the conjunctiva in neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What education should be provided to parents and care providers regarding neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the role of silver nitrate solution in neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What causes neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the most common infectious cause of chlamydial conjunctivitis?

What causes Neisseria conjunctivitis?

Which non-STI bacteria cause neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the role of herpes simplex virus (HSV) in neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the incidence of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum) in the US?

What is the international incidence of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the demographics of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the prognosis of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the complications of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

Presentation

What is the incubation period of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the clinical presentation of neonatal gonococcal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the clinical presentation of neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the clinical presentation of neonatal herpetic conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the physical findings in neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the physical findings in neonatal chemical conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the physical findings in neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the physical findings in neonatal gonococcal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the physical findings of other neonatal bacterial conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the physical findings in neonatal herpetic conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

DDX

What are the diagnostic considerations in neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Neonatal Conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia Neonatorum)?

Workup

What are the approach considerations for the workup of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the role of culture and histology in the workup of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What are the cytologic findings in neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

What is the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and transcription-mediated amplification (TMA) tests in the workup of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

Treatment

What are the approach considerations in the treatment of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

How is neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum) treated?

How is neonatal herpetic conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum) treated?

What are the options for prophylaxis of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

Medications

What are goals of drug treatment for neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum)?

Which medications in the drug class Antiviral agents are used in the treatment of Neonatal Conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia Neonatorum)?

Which medications in the drug class Antimicrobial agents are used in the treatment of Neonatal Conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia Neonatorum)?