Filtering Bleb Complications Medication

Updated: Jan 08, 2015
  • Author: Carlo E Traverso, MD; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Prophylactic antibiotics are not effective to prevent late endophthalmitis.

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Antibiotics

Class Summary

Therapy must be comprehensive and cover all likely pathogens in the context of this clinical setting.

Vancomycin hydrochloride (Vancocin, Vancoled, Lyphocin)

Indicated for treatment of serious or severe infections caused by gram-positive organisms.

Ceftazidime (Ceptaz, Fortaz, Tazicef, Tazidime)

Third-generation cephalosporin with broad-spectrum, gram-negative activity; lower efficacy against gram-positive organisms; higher efficacy against resistant organisms. Arrests bacterial growth by binding to one or more penicillin-binding proteins.

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Corticosteroids

Class Summary

Have anti-inflammatory properties and cause profound and varied metabolic effects. Corticosteroids modify the body's immune response to diverse stimuli.

Dexamethasone intravitreal implant (Decadron, AK-Dex, Alba-Dex)

Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reducing capillary permeability.

Prednisolone ophthalmic (AK-Pred, Delta-Cortef, Econopred)

Synthetic analog of naturally occurring glucocorticoid used to suppress the inflammatory response.

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