Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum Follow-up

Updated: May 09, 2016
  • Author: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Follow-up

Further Outpatient Care

Hypertension should be monitored.

Patients should receive regular eye examinations.

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Deterrence/Prevention

Pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and high calcium and phosphorus intake seem to aggravate all manifestations of pseudoxanthoma elasticum.

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Complications

See the list below:

  • Blindness

  • Recurrent GI hemorrhage

  • Myocardial infarction

  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

  • Cerebrovascular accidents

  • Death

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Prognosis

The greatest morbidity in patients with pseudoxanthoma elasticum and angioid streaks is the loss of central vision that occurs in a high percentage of patients in the fifth to sixth decade of life.

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Patient Education

Inform and educate patients about the multisystem potential complications of pseudoxanthoma elasticum.

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