Macular Corneal Dystrophy Medication

Updated: May 02, 2018
  • Author: Anna M Edmiston, MD; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Medical therapy for recurrent corneal erosions includes hypertonic saline, which is thought to increase adherence of the epithelium to the underlying stroma. Lubrication may also help prevent corneal erosions.

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Hypertonic saline

Class Summary

This agent dehydrates the epithelium, allowing it to better adhere to the underlying stroma.

Sodium chloride 5% (Muro 128, Adsorbonac, Afrin)

Used for temporary relief of corneal edema.

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Lubricating agent

Class Summary

Moistens the ocular surface and decreases the frequency of recurrent erosions.

Artificial tears (GenTeal, Refresh tears, TheraTears, Bion tears, Refresh Plus)

Contains equivalent of 0.9% NaCl and used to maintain ocular tonicity. Acts to stabilize and thicken precorneal tear film and prolong tear film breakup time, which is decreased in dry eye states.

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