Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Keratitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 18, 2019
  • Author: Jim C Wang (王崇安), MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is included in the treatment of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the pathophysiology of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the pathophysiology of recurrent herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What causes herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

Where can patient education resources for herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis be found?

What is the incidence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis in the US?

What is the prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the prognosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

How is infectious epithelial keratitis characterized?

What are physical findings characteristic of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

How is herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis categorized?

How are the corneal vesicles of infectious epithelial keratitis characterized?

How are the dendritic ulcers of infectious epithelial keratitis characterized?

How are the geographic ulcers of infectious epithelial keratitis characterized?

How are the marginal ulcers of infectious epithelial keratitis characterized?

What is the characteristic presentation of neurotrophic keratopathy?

What is stromal keratitis?

How is necrotizing stromal keratitis characterized?

How is immune stromal keratitis (ASK) characterized?

How is herpes simplex virus (HSV) endotheliitis characterized?

How is herpes simplex virus (HSV) endotheliitis classified?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Keratitis?

Workup

How is herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis diagnosed?

What is the role of lab studies in the diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

Which lab studies are performed in the workup of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the role of slit-lamp photography in the workup of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

Treatment

What is the focus of treatment for herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What are treatment options for primary ocular herpes infection in patients with herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the role of topical therapy for the management of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the role of antiviral therapy for the management of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the role of debridement in the management of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

Which specialists should be consulted in the treatment of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What are the treatment options for dendritic, geographic, and marginal corneal ulcers in herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is included in the treatment of stromal keratitis?

How is herpes simplex virus (HSV) endotheliitis treated?

How is neurotrophic keratopathy treated in patients with herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

What is the role of keratoplasty in the treatment of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

How is recurrent herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis prevented?

What is the role of vaccines in the prevention of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antiviral agents are used in the treatment of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Keratitis?