Corneal Abrasion Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 03, 2019
  • Author: Arun Verma, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are the possible complications of corneal abrasions?

What are causes of foreign body-related corneal abrasions?

What are contact lens-related corneal abrasions?

What are corneal abrasions and how do they occur?

What causes traumatic corneal abrasions?

Which patients are at risk for spontaneous corneal abrasions?

How is the diagnosis of corneal abrasion confirmed?

What anatomy is relevant to corneal abrasions?

What is the pathophysiology of a corneal abrasion?

What is the conjunctival response to corneal abrasion?

What is the role of limbal cells in the pathophysiology of corneal abrasion?

How does regeneration of corneal epithelium occur in the pathophysiology of corneal abrasion?

What is the role of conjunctival epithelium proliferation in the pathophysiology of corneal abrasions?

When are permanent anchoring units formed in the pathophysiology of corneal abrasion?

How does the size of the wound affect the pathophysiology of corneal abrasions?

What is the role of the epithelial defect in the pathophysiology of corneal abrasion?

What causes a contact lens-related corneal abrasion?

What are potential causes of corneal abrasion?

What are sports-related corneal abrasion?

How can eyelid surgery cause corneal abrasion?

What is the incidence of corneal abrasion due to general anesthesia?

What is the role of argon laser trabeculoplasty in the etiology of corneal abrasion?

What is the role of tonometry in the etiology of corneal abrasion?

What is the prevalence of corneal abrasions in the US?

What is the global prevalence of corneal abrasions?

How does the incidence of corneal abrasions vary by race, sex or age?

What is the prognosis of corneal abrasion?

What is recurrent epithelial erosion in corneal abrasion?

What is the likely cause of morbidity in corneal abrasion?

What is the prognosis of corneal abrasions associated with contact lenses?

What is the effect of minor corneal abrasions?

Presentation

What are symptoms of corneal abrasion?

What should be the focus of history for corneal abrasion?

What is recurrent corneal erosion syndrome?

How do iatrogenic corneal abrasions typically occur?

What are physical findings characteristic of corneal abrasion?

What is included in the physical exam for corneal abrasion?

Which physical findings are characteristic of advanced corneal abrasion?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of corneal abrasion?

What are the differential diagnoses for Corneal Abrasion?

Workup

What is included in the workup of corneal abrasion?

What is the role of slit lamp exam in the evaluation of corneal abrasion?

Which histologic findings suggest corneal abrasion?

Treatment

What are treatment options for corneal abrasion?

What is the basis for treatment selection for corneal abrasion?

How is recurrent erosion prevented during the treatment of corneal abrasion?

What is the role of prophylactic antibiotics for noninfected corneal abrasions?

How are infections prevented during the treatment of corneal abrasion?

Which agents are used for infection prophylaxis with corneal abrasions?

When is antibiotic treatment indicated for corneal abrasions?

How is pain managed in corneal abrasions?

How are small corneal abrasions treated?

What is the role of patching in the treatment of corneal abrasion?

What is the role of therapeutic lenses in the treatment of corneal abrasions?

How are corneal abrasions prevented?

What monitoring is needed following treatment of corneal abrasions?

Medications

What are the goals of drug treatment for corneal abrasion?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics are used in the treatment of Corneal Abrasion?

Which medications in the drug class Topical Anesthetics are used in the treatment of Corneal Abrasion?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic Agents (Cycloplegics and Mydriatics) are used in the treatment of Corneal Abrasion?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Corneal Abrasion?