Corneal Ulcer Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 02, 2019
  • Author: Jean Deschênes, MD, FRCSC; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is corneal ulcer?

What is the pathophysiology of corneal ulcer?

What is the prevalence of corneal ulcer?

What is the morbidity and mortality associated with corneal ulcer?

What are the racial predilections of corneal ulcer?

What are the sexual predilections of corneal ulcer?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of corneal ulcer?

What is the prognosis of corneal ulcer?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of corneal ulcer?

Which physical findings are characteristic of corneal ulcer?

What is the role of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener granulomatosis) in the etiology of corneal ulcer?

What is the role of Sjögren syndrome in the etiology of corneal ulcer?

What is the role of polyarteritis nodosa in the etiology of corneal ulcer?

What is the role of scleroderma in the etiology of corneal ulcer?

What causes corneal ulcer?

What is the role of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the etiology of corneal ulcer?

What is the role of SLE in the etiology of corneal ulcer?

What are the less common causes of corneal ulcer?

What are the possible complications of corneal ulcer?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Corneal Ulcer?

Workup

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of granulomatosis with polyangiitis-related corneal ulcer?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of polyarteritis nodosa-related corneal ulcer?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of rheumatoid arthritis-related corneal ulcer?

What lab tests are performed in the workup of Mooren corneal ulcer?

What are the ACR diagnostic criteria of SLE?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of scleroderma-related corneal ulcer?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of corneal ulcer?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of corneal ulcer?

When is corneal scraping for cultures performed in the workup of corneal ulcer?

Treatment

How is corneal ulcer treated?

What is the role of topical agents in the treatment of corneal ulcer?

What is the role of immunosuppressive agents in the treatment of corneal ulcer?

How is Mooren corneal ulcer treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of corneal ulcer?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with corneal ulcer?

What is the role of long-term monitoring in the treatment of corneal ulcer?

When is inpatient care indicated for corneal ulcer?

Medications

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Corneal Ulcer?

Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressant agents are used in the treatment of Corneal Ulcer?