Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Atopic Dermatitis Treatment & Management

Updated: Sep 07, 2016
  • Author: R Scott Lowery, MD; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Treatment

Medical Care

No cure exists, and treatment is aimed at the multifactorial nature of the disease. [8]

The most commonly used treatments include stress control, avoidance of allergens (most commonly dust mites, peanuts, egg, milk, fish, rice, soy, and wheat), and irritants (particularly chemicals, soaps, heat, humidity, wool, and acrylic).

Atopic dermatitis frequently can be controlled with topical steroids.

Management of atopic dermatitis and AKC is similar to management of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC), but the chronic nature of AKC requires more prolonged treatment.

The treatment regimen for AKC typically consists of topical steroids, mast cell stabilizers, systemic antihistamines, and systemic and topical antibiotics. [9]

Recent studies have shown that patients with eye involvement may have an increased likelihood of food sensitivity.

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Consultations

Ophthalmic consultation is recommended if eye involvement is noted. Dermatology consultation may be necessary to confirm a diagnosis of atopic dermatitis. [10]

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Diet

Patients with known atopic disease may have various food allergies that trigger or exacerbate their disease. Avoidance of these foods is essential.

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