Globe Retraction Medication

Updated: Mar 15, 2016
  • Author: Michael T Yen, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew G Lee, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

The goals of pharmacotherapy are to reduce morbidity and to prevent complications. [5]

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Antibiotics

Class Summary

To prevent development of orbital cellulitis after blowout fractures.

Cephalexin (Keflex, Biocef, Keftab)

First-generation cephalosporin that arrests bacterial growth by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis.

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Nasal decongestants

Class Summary

Promote nasal airflow and reduce likelihood of orbital emphysema.

Oxymetazoline (Dristan, Afrin, Chlorphed, Neo-synephrine)

Applied directly to mucous membranes where stimulates alpha-adrenergic receptors and cause vasoconstriction. Decongestion occurs without drastic changes in blood pressure, vascular redistribution or cardiac stimulation.

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