Congenital Nystagmus (Infantile Nystagmus) Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO; Chief Editor: Edsel Ing, MD, MPH, FRCSC  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is congenital nystagmus?

What is the pathophysiology of congenital nystagmus?

What is the prevalence of congenital nystagmus in the US?

What is the global prevalence of congenital nystagmus?

What are the racial predilections of congenital nystagmus?

What are the sexual predilections of congenital nystagmus?

At what ages does congenital nystagmus commonly present?

What is the prognosis of congenital nystagmus?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of congenital nystagmus?

Which physical findings are characteristic of congenital nystagmus?

What causes congenital nystagmus?

Which ocular disorders are associated with congenital nystagmus?

What causes nystagmus associated with albinism?

What causes latent nystagmus?

What causes spasmus nutans?

DDX

Which ocular oscillations mimic congenital nystagmus?

What are the differential diagnoses for Congenital Nystagmus (Infantile Nystagmus)?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of congenital nystagmus?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of congenital nystagmus?

What is the role of electroretinography in the diagnosis of congenital nystagmus?

What is the role of visual-evoked response (VER) in the diagnosis of congenital nystagmus?

What is the role of genetic testing in the diagnosis of congenital nystagmus?

What is the role of eye movement recordings in the diagnosis of congenital nystagmus?

When is anesthesia indicated in the workup of congenital nystagmus?

Treatment

How is congenital nystagmus treated?

What is the role of botulinum toxin in the treatment of congenital nystagmus?

What is the role of strabismus surgery in the treatment of congenital nystagmus?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with congenital nystagmus?

What are the possible complications of strabismus surgery for congenital nystagmus?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of congenital nystagmus?

Which medications in the drug class Neuromuscular Blocking Agents, Toxin are used in the treatment of Congenital Nystagmus (Infantile Nystagmus)?

Which medications in the drug class Skeletal muscle relaxants are used in the treatment of Congenital Nystagmus (Infantile Nystagmus)?

Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants are used in the treatment of Congenital Nystagmus (Infantile Nystagmus)?