Goiter Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 13, 2018
  • Author: James R Mulinda, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is a goiter?

What is the pathophysiology of goiter?

What is the prevalence of goiter in the US?

What is the global prevalence of goiter?

What causes mortality and morbidity in patients with goiter?

What is the racial predilection for goiter?

How does the incidence of goiter vary by sex?

Which age group has the highest prevalence of goiter?

What is the prognosis of goiter?

What should be included in patient education about goiter?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of goiter?

How is the physical exam for goiter performed?

How is palpation of the goiter performed?

What is the difference between a toxic and nontoxic goiter?

What is the role of Pemberton maneuver in the evaluation of the goiter?

What causes a goiter?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Goiter?

Workup

Which lab studies are performed in the diagnosis for goiter?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis for goiter?

What is the role of roentgenography in the diagnosis for goiter?

What is the role of CT scanning and MRI in the diagnosis for goiter?

What is the role of radionuclide scanning in the diagnosis for goiter?

What is the role of pulmonary function testing in the diagnosis for goiter?

What is the role of a perchlorate discharge test in the diagnosis for goiter?

What is the role of biopsy in the diagnosis for goiter?

What is the role of thyroidectomy in the management of goiter?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of goiter?

Treatment

What are the medical treatment options for goiter?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of goiter?

How is surgery performed in the treatment of goiter?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial for patients with goiter?

What is the role of dietary modifications in the treatment of goiter?

What are the potential complications of goiter?

How is goiter prevented?

How are patients with goiter monitored?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for goiter?

Which medications in the drug class Thyroid hormone replacements are used in the treatment of Goiter?